Learn how to hack a website with ease:
Website Hacking is the use of analytical skills, computer networking skills, and programming skills to manipulate web applications in order to gain access to unauthorized web sites and data. Website Hacking Training is becoming increasingly eminent by the day to curb the growing cyber crime. Hacking course teaches a person the basics concerning website hacking and various techniques that might help in understanding the thinking pattern of an attacker. However, Full ethical web hacking course dives into the smallest of the details of website hacking, it’s components, how to detect the hidden vulnerabilities in the web application and other details that helps any security hacker to prevent any breach in the web application and it’s data. It is important to be aware of even the smallest of details when black hat hackers are becoming entirely too fearless every day. Bug hunting is one of the things that are very helpful while preventing cyber attacks.
Web hackers use their hacking knowledge for malicious intent. Hackers have grown to use not one but several hacking techniques that include Social engineering, DDoS attacks, Code injection attacks, SQL Injection, XSS attacks, Exploiting plugin vulnerabilities, Brute force, and DNS Spoofing. It’s safe to say that Website Hacking Training is necessary if we want the black hat hacking to stop.
Cyber attacks like website hacking are the result of loopholes and vulnerabilities in the system security of a web application. The hackers map their target locations that are the most susceptible to attack, which only occur when there has been some poor coding or execution of a program for the web application. Without these vulnerabilities being looked into, web applications remain in a permanent state of possible risk from a breach. It is critical to look into the security issues and act accordingly to solve the respective issue.
Cyber attacks not only cause disruption in the important files and applications but also cause your entire business to come to a halt. They have the power to spoil someone’s years worth of hard work and even cause harm to the reputation people have among their professional circle. There are a couple of applications that have the efficiency to either destroy everything for someone if used by the wrong person, or the efficiency to protect you from the mentioned wrong person.
Curriculum of module
Introduction to Burp Suite
LFI (Local File Inclusion)
RFI (Remote File Inclusion)
XSS (Cross-site scripting)
No Rate Limit Attacks
Review and Finalization
How can you earn money through bug hunting?
Introduction to Burp Suite
With the growing breach of data and website by the hackers, it is important to be aware of any vulnerabilities that might be there in the website or any bug in system security. As such, Burp Suite was developed by a company named PortSwigger for the security hackers and bug hunting professionals to use for penetration testing and overall security testing of web applications. It is a set of some of the most prominent tools that help in searching for any and all loopholes in security of the application.
There are two major editions of Burp Suite: Burp Suite Professional Edition and Burp Suite Enterprise Edition. Burp Suite Enterprise Edition is preferably used by penetration testers and bug bounty hunters for bug hunting and scaling any breach point. Burp Suite Enterprise Edition, on the other hand, is chosen by AppSec leaders, engineering teams, and DevSecOps champions for organizational usage.
The Enterprise edition uses CI/CD platforms, is fully automated, and has the ability to run concurrent scans across infinite web applications. Professional version is a Burp Proxy for intercepting HTTP requests, has an exceptional bug hunting graphic tool box, and has more than 250 Burp Extensions in BApps for customizing testing workflows. The major difference between the two is that Enterprise Edition can be accessed by an unlimited number of users per license, whereas Professional Edition allows only one user per license. However, in order to use one of these editions, you need to have a subscription, which expectedly, is more beneficial but requires you to spend money. Nevertheless, if you do not wish to subscribe to Burp Suite, you can also choose the free version to use.
Burp Suite uses a variety of great tools such as Spider, Proxy, Intruder, Repeater, Sequencer, Decoder, Extender, Clickbandit, and Scanner which has made this platform evidently more famous amongst the security hackers and engineers.
- Spider: It maps the web applications and finds the targets to continue the process of finding vulnerabilities.
- Proxy: It is an intercepting web proxy tool that helps you to intercept, examine and make alterations to the web traffic.
- Intruder: It detects any weakness or loophole in system security that might later cause issues and lead to breach in the web application security.
- Repeater: It is used as a manipulator, for alteration and revamping of several variables in the applications.
- Sequencer: It is a tool for analyzing the quality of randomness in a sample of data items.
- Decoder: It is used to transform whatever data is in encoded form into its official form.
- Extender: It is used to let you be able to install extensions, use them as well as manage them.
- Clickbandit: It can be used for performing intended attacks to check the vulnerability in a website and learn if it can be exploited.
- Scanner: It is used to perform simulated attacks on the website to further scan the results and deal with it in the best way possible.
Authentication Bypass is caused by vulnerability in the authentication process. In this case, the attacker gains access to an authorized user without actually going through the authentication test. Authentication Bypass vulnerability makes it possible for the attacker to bypass the procedural authorization and become the admin user without any real attestation. Some of the methods of bypassing the authentication schema include Direct page request, Parameter modification, Session ID prediction, and SQL injection.
- Direct Page Request: In the scenario where the system demands only login page access, the possibility of a forced bypass is too high. There is a maximum number of chances of possible breach when it comes to direct page request bypass.
- Parameter Modification: Most often than not, the parameters used to execute a successful login program is not concrete, which makes it evidently possible for an attacker to manipulate and modify the aforementioned program and lead to the authentication bypass.
- Session ID Prediction: Session ID identification is a format which many web applications apply for the authentication process. Attackers, being malicious, can generate and use any weak session ID to impersonate that person and use their ID for malicious intents.
- SQL Injection: SQL Injection or HTML Form Authentication is the injection of SQL commands in web pages to exploit the data available in that web application. SQL Injection can lead to unauthorized bypass, access, alteration and deletion of data within a database.
Weak authentication mechanism is what causes the authentication bypass vulnerability. Therefore, in order to prevent any breach in authenticated access, a strong and cemented security system should be made sure to be maintained. Logging into important accounts using public Wi-Fi is a bad idea. For extra security, consider implementing multi-factor authentication.
There are many ways to keep you safe from any possible attack, which include keeping your system security up-to-date at all times, including a good antivirus program, scaling and curbing vulnerabilities, maintaining a strong authentication policy, and updating your login passwords periodically.
Moreover, use of biometric authentication, QR Code, SMS OTP, Push Notification, and Behavioural Authentication are some of the alternate authentication options to be considered for a safer platform usage.
These attackers go to great lengths to act on their vile purposes. Such breach of privacy can cost you more than you can imagine. A fortune worth of confidential data and other private information can be stolen at the blink of an eye. Website Hacking Course will prepare you for how to strengthen your authentication process and make it difficult for anyone to bypass it. Those who have no significant knowledge of such attacks and their solutions depend on others to protect their sensitive information with their knowledge and skill. However, the safer thing to do would be to gain information necessary to be able to protect yourself from becoming a victim to these attacks without depending on someone who may or may not be trusted.
LFI (Local File Inclusion)
LFI stands for Local File Inclusion. It is a web vulnerability caused due to poorly written web applications. The hackers take advantage of such vulnerability to perform an attack on the web application by tricking the web application with help of php codes into running or revealing unauthorized files. In more dire cases, it can also lead to XSS attack and remote code execution. Local File Inclusion is claimed to be one of the major of the 10 vulnerabilities of web applications by OWASP.
If the attacker is more experienced and possesses a greater hacking knowledge and skills, he can use local file inclusion to upload unwanted or malicious files to the server. Those who have mastered the full web hacking ethical course know the severity of the danger this attack might cause. It makes it all the more necessary for the maximum number of people to get Website Hacking Training and pursue a profession in the field of security hacking. Without security hacking, cyber attacks will alleviate beyond control.
It is a well known fact that file inclusions are an imminent part of server-side scripting language as they make the programming code tidy and maintainable. The issue of Local File Inclusion attack only arises in case of poor coding. In order to remove File Inclusion, avoid passing the user-submitted input to any framework API. Reject any unidentifiable or invalid identifier to avoid any attacks or manipulations by the attackers.
It is critical to learn about such attacks and details to avoid being the victim of one. It is necessary to be aware of how to be able to perform bug hunting or finding out possible vulnerabilities. Website hacking courses bring you a step closer to being able to solve these issues yourself and save yourself and your organization from becoming a prey to these malicious attackers. LFI is dangerous because not only can the attacker be able to run any data through manipulation of codes but will also have the power to access even the most sensitive data and be in control of the entire server.However, the silver lining is that LFI attacks are not very common and are found to be present on an average of 1% of web applications.
RFI (Remote File Inclusion)
RFI stands for Remote File Inclusion. Remote File Inclusion shares many similarities with Local File Inclusion. However, there is one difference between the two that in case of local file inclusion, the files included are local, whereas the files included during remote file inclusion are from a remote URL within a different domain. Vulnerabilities in the web application are the reasons that result in remote file inclusions. While referencing an include file, if the web application is executed by the HTTP elements, that web application can be susceptible to a remote file inclusion attack. In most cases, remote file inclusion is found in PHP websites.
Web applications, being a very significant part of any business organization, are constantly at the centre of attention for the maximum number of cyber attackers. These websites hold the most invaluable data, and by breaching and accessing such data, these cyber attacks can cause the entire business to come to a halt along with the loss of some of the most sensitive and confidential files and information.
In order to keep this insurmountable amount of data safe, the full web hacking ethical course not only teaches the possible ways to attack in case of any present vulnerabilities or invasion points but also the ways to prevent any such breach from being caused.
The attacker scans and targets the website with available breach points and uses a malicious file to get access to the server. Once the attacker gains access to a web application, he can use this power to manipulate the accessible data, hijack the entire server, and steal passwords and confidential information.
To prevent any potential dangerous situation, sterilization, validation, security testing, creating a whitelist, and enabling code reviewing are important processes to follow. Not doing so, would leave your web application vulnerable to remote file inclusion attacks and cause incurable damage.
Having the proper knowledge of remote file inclusion will prove beneficial to you when you will be able to perform the right methods to safeguard your web application from the possible attack. Bug hunting will help you find out the vulnerabilities and that will be further helpful in quashing any loopholes that may be used against you.
XSS (Cross-site scripting)
XSS stands for Cross-site scripting. Cross-site scripting refers to the attack caused by injection of malicious code into a web application with weak coding. XSS is different from other web attacks as it brings the name and reputation of the user at risk by manipulating the web application in such a way by forced codes that the malicious activity happens from the user’s end instead of the attacker’s end. This makes it very cumbersome and hard to find the source of the original attack.
Imagine if some unauthorized files were to be leaked by the end of a reputed businessman’s web application, how much effect would that have on that businessman’s reputation and his business. It would result in a catastrophic situation, destroying the trust and faith people have in that businessman, and ultimately it would be a huge downfall for the business.
There is no way to analyze how severe the attack may or may not be. Many accounts may be compromised and unwanted malware and virus programs uploaded. The attacker can use this opportunity to modify, alter, and mislead the user id to reveal or even delete some significant information.
It is to be noted that we can bifurcate the Cross-site scripting attack into three parts, namely Stored XSS or Persistent XSS, Reflected XSS or Non-persistent XSS, and DOM-based XSS. Stored Cross-site scripting attack can cause more damage as compared to Reflected Cross-site scripting. Stored XSS takes place when a malevolent script is injected directly into the target points of a web application, whereas Reflected XSS can only be triggered by clicking on the link that has been illegally uploaded on a user’s web browser. DOM-based XSS is Document Object Model-based XSS attack. DOM-based Cross-site scripting may occur when the web application writes data in an HTML document with improper sanitization.
Blog pages, social networks, video sharing applications are some of those websites that are most likely to be the recipient of such attacks. These attacks have a higher possibility to happen in VBScript, Flash, ActiveX, and CSS.
One of the things that is necessary for the prevention of such cyber attacks is sanitization of the web application and bug hunting to detect any vulnerability. You should always make sure to recheck the code before input instead of directly sending it for output in case of any malevolent code injection. Scan at regular intervals for any vulnerability and use the HttpOnly flag for cookies to prevent the theft of cookies.
It is becoming imminently obvious that nowadays, everyone needs to be hyper vigilant of any attacks that might happen to their websites or even to them which might lead them to lose their reputation and cause disturbance in their business. The full web ethical hacking course prepares you for these scenarios and provides you with the necessary knowledge to exact strict protocols for the safety of your web applications and credible information.
No Rate Limit Attacks
No Rate Limit is a vulnerability that can prove to be immensely dangerous when misused. Rate Limit refers to the method of limiting the number of requests possible. For example, when you try logging in to a site and you can only make 10 attempts at once to log in. Now, if you try logging in more than the attempts limited, you will trigger an error in the authentication process and you will be denied the access. However, if there is no limit to the number of attempts that a person can make, it provides the attackers with a free reign to attack using this vulnerability and misuse it to their intents and purposes.
Most people are cautious enough to make sure that there is a rate time limit in their web applications. The one time password (OTP) that you receive is one such example of rate limiting. Rate limiting has a number of advantages that include reduction of overload on servers, prevention of attacks like Denial of Service attack, prevention of malicious access to the account, and prevention of brute force attacks.
It came to light recently that one of the most popular apps during lockdown, the zoom app, showed the rate limiting vulnerability. Many attackers using bruteforce cracked the passwords to zoom meetings by exploiting the target point. However, the security experts solved this issue by patching up the vulnerability and cementing the security.
Rate Time Limit must not seem as severe as it can get. Imagine that to access some confidential information within a business enterprise, the management has to enter some OTP. Now, the OTP has a certain time limit to its accessibility. What would happen if that were not the case? What if an attacker was trying to deduce the OTP to access that same information which is supposedly secure? Without any rate time limit, the attacker can try all possible OTPs from 000 to 999, either manually or through a digital tool. It would be simply too easy for an attacker to gain access to any file within that company.
To prevent any rate time limit attack from happening, make sure to periodically monitor the API activity for your rate time limitation, reduce the amount of authorization requests, and make the login protocols stricter and stronger. This extra precaution might be the one thing that saves you from becoming a prey to these cyber attacks at the hands of malicious attackers.
Report Writing is the combination of methodology, procedures, detailed report content and design, proper example of testing report, and an account of the personal experience received by the tester, in the process of penetration testing. The technical team and senior management of the security hacking team is shown this report and is preserved if needed in future for reference.
Report Writing includes four stages, which include Report Planning, Information Collection, Writing the First Draft, and Review and Finalization. It is very much like writing a book or academic findings.
- Report Planning: Knowing the main objective concerning the report is the first step to follow. This part helps the readers in understanding the goal of penetration testing, the benefits it will reap and overall details involving the testing. Furthermore, for this part of the report writing process, you should be aware of the time that would be needed to perform this penetration testing. It is needed to be kept in mind to calculate the most accurate time in cases that any error might interrupt the process or anything else might go wrong. To prevent losing precious time, you need to estimate the most accurate one. Prepare the report as such that it is perfect to present to the target audience. Report should be classified and then you also need to plan the total number of hardcopies you require for the distribution of the report. These were all the steps required for the planning portion of report writing.
- Information Collection: All the information, small or large, is supposed to be mentioned by the penetration tester. Penetration testing is a lengthy and cumbersome process and it is important to have an account of all the tools and systems used for the process, as well as a detail about the results released after scanning, vulnerability assessment and even the smallest of the findings during the penetration testing. Having a proper and classified report of the penetration testing might come in handy, if any problem arises in future and this report has to be analyzed.
- Writing the First Draft: The writing of the report must be detailed and informative. The tester needs to write the first draft of all the assessments made and all the results found. After having all the information and tools, mentioning how, what, and why questions in regards to the penetration testing is the next step and it should be done with absolute perfection so as not to lose any viable information during the process.
Review and Finalization: Here comes the last step of the report writing process. Once you have your first draft completed, the report must be rechecked for any error or omission of information. Once the tester has checked his draft, he needs to present the report to his seniors and colleagues who assisted him in this penetration testing to make sure no detail has been missed and the details mentioned are accurate. In case of any flaw, correct it and finalize the amended report.
How can you earn money through bug hunting?
Earning money through the process of bug hunting can be challenging. However, if you are skilled in the field, it is a rewarding experience.
There are many ways to earn money through bug hunting. One way includes working as an independent contractor with a company that pays you as you find bugs in their application. Another way includes being a researcher and helping with security audits for companies who hire idescapers and ethical hackers.
The most popular ways to earn through bug hunting is through finding vulnerabilities in companies’ websites and apps, which can have up to $100,000 reward for the finder or $10,000 for each time the vulnerability is exploited.
If you want to continue your process of learning then step into the beginning of excellent system hacking course!