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System hacking is the process of getting access to individual computers on a network and stealing or misusing their sensitive information or data. The malicious hacker identifies and exploits the vulnerability of the computer system or network to get unauthorized access. So, to prevent such cyberattacks, ethical hackers learn the system hacking method to detect and counter attackers.
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There is a user password of Windows OS, that appears on the computer screen after the Windows starts logging in, which we generally use to protect our computer system from getting unauthorized access. No matter how strong the password is, hackers use several tricks and techniques to crack this password. This procedure of cracking Windows passwords is called Windows Hacking. To protect the user from these criminal hackers, ethical hackers can use social engineering to modify the existing password and assign a new password unknown to the hacker.
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To know about Linux hacking, first, you must know what is Linux? Linux is an operating system (OS) assembled over the open-source software development and distribution model.
Linux hacking is very popular among hackers because of two main reasons. First, it is an open-source OS that makes its source code freely available for anyone to modify or customize easily. Second, there are numerous Linux security distros available that can double as Linux hacking software.
So, the malicious hackers use Linux hacking tools to exploit weaknesses in Linux software, networks, and applications. Hackers conduct Linux hacking to get unauthorized access to the system and steal confidential data.
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Metasploit is an open-source penetrating framework, widely used by security engineers for penetration testing systems and also by ethical hackers. It is very easy to modify the Metasploit according to hackers’ needs and use it with almost all operating systems. The main purpose of Metasploit is to help users identify where they can get attacked by hackers and make necessary prevention to protect their system before hackers attack.
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Payloads – It is a pathway that a Metasploit uses to target the attack. The set payload command allows easy and quick access to switch payloads. That leads to changing the interpreter or shell-based access into a specially designed operation.
Encoders – Usually, systems are well equipped with anti-theft solutions, so, it’s possible for the hacker that their attack might get noticed by the security software installed in the system of the target user. Thus, to prevent the user from hackers, encoders help the user. The basic function of the encoders is to confuse the attacker and payload in a manner that doesn’t get noticed by the attackers on the system of the target user.
Auxiliary – Any system that is not an exploit is called an auxiliary module. These modules are an enchanting feature of the framework that allows it to extend for various purposes instead exploitation. Auxiliary modules have hundreds of modules that perform various functions like sniffing, scanning, fuzzing, and other such functions. However, these modules will not give you a shell but are very useful during a penetration test.
Exploits – An exploit conducts a series of commands to target a specific vulnerability found in an application or system to provide the hacker access to the system. It includes code injection, web application exploits, and buffer overflow. Exploits are of two types automated and manual exploits. The use of exploit type depends on the level of granular control you desire to have on exploits.
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IoT hacking involves exploiting a network or computer system vulnerability in order to modify parts of a computer programme. With the help of IoT Hacking Tools, ethical hackers are able to increase the security of their systems and applications. These tools can include Network Mapper, Metasploit, Fiddler, Maltego, Wireshark, Binwalk, Firmwalker, Ghost Touch and Saint. Network Mapper can quickly detect and operate data on a large number of devices on a commercial-scale network, while Metasploit can be used for penetration testing and securing remote IoT devices. Fiddler acts as a proxy server to access networks anonymously and Maltego allows for graphical relation analysis and open-source intelligence data mining. Furthermore, Wireshark can analyse real-time network traffic, while Binwalk and Firmwalker are used to extract firmware and detect vulnerabilities respectively. Lastly, Ghost Touch is used to interfere with touchscreen capacitance measurements and Saint enables taint analysis of cloud-facing interfaces. All these tools are essential for ethical hackers to improve cybersecurity.
Network Mapper is a free scanning programme that can quickly complete tasks in the field of IoT hacking, such as network detection and data operation. Additionally, this programme is used to communicate with the target host while auditing the network for servers. Any IoT device's port capacity can also be ascertained by Nmap. Network Mapper is a crucial tool for security auditors and ethical hackers due of its extensive capabilities.
The Metasploit framework:
Proper security information is an absolute necessity if one wishes to hack with Metasploit. It offers outstanding functionality for penetration testing, as well as allowing access to remotely secure IoT devices. One of its defining features is that it is an open-source tool which can quickly identify software vulnerabilities and make its source code available to users. Another benefit of this tool is that it permits free customization of modules.
Using a proxy server to access the network anonymously is essential for successful hacking, and Fiddler provides this defence. An open-source web proxy, Fiddler works with almost all HTTP clients and browsers, enabling the user to analyse any online traffic from the system. For non-Windows platforms, it even allows users to halt customer traffic. While sending data, Fiddler records and manipulates it for configuration and debugging purposes. Primarily used for intercepting and decrypting HTTPS communication by pentesters, it's an indispensable tool for IoT hacking due to its proxy setup.